Counter Reformation— the response of Roman church to the Protestant Reformation wherein beliefs were clarified, reaffirmed, and justified.
This movement was known as the Renaissance. It spread all over Europe, and its influence has been felt to this day. The spirit of the Renaissance affected not just the arts but all phases of life. As a result, the name of this artistic movement has been given to the whole period of history of the 15th and 16th centuries.
The Spirit of the Renaissance The word "renaissance" means "rebirth" or "revival.
They admired the art and writing of the Classical Age B. To revive the glory and grandeur of the ancient past, these scholars eagerly studied classical literature, architecture, and sculpture. But the Renaissance was much more than a rebirth of classical art.
It was a rejection of the Middle Ages, which were just ending. During medieval times, the arts were concerned mainly with religion, with the life of the spirit, with the hereafter. Little importance was given to life on earth except as a preparation for the next world.
But as the 15th century began, Italians were turning their attention to the world about them. People started to think more about secular, or nonreligious, matters. They began placing faith in their own qualities and their own importance.
This new spirit was called humanism.
Discipline, unquestioning faith, obedience to authority--these medieval virtues were no longer blindly accepted. People asked questions and wanted to find their own answers. Artists were among the first affected by the new spirit of humanism. In their work they began to focus on human life on earth.
Giotto's religious pictures were painted with great sympathy for the human qualities of his subjects. Holy figures are shown in countryside settings, dressed in worn and commonplace clothing.
Giotto's lovely paintings seem to have been created especially for the common people of his time. Never before in Christian art had viewers been reminded that the saints of their religion were peasants like them.
Soon after Giotto died, a terrible plague, followed by small but destructive wars, swept through Italy. Progress--including the progress of art--was slowed. At least 50 years passed before Giotto's ideas became popular.
But then it became clear that Giotto had been the forerunner of Renaissance painting. The First Generation Early in the 15th century, Florence, where Giotto had worked, became the first great center of the Renaissance.Background reading for your students might include your textbook, Smarthistory’s Renaissance section, relevant sections in Marilyn Bradshaw’s Italian Renaissance Art: A Sourcebook, and the National Gallery of Art’s Italian Renaissance Learning Resources..
Good video resources on the historical background include PBS’s Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance .
TIPS: * Be ruthless, focused, single minded towards what you want to achieve. * Work hard as if it is the only goal in your life. * if you want something then die for it.
Work until your last drip of energy is exhausted. * DO what you enjoy doing. High Renaissance • •Classical principles of beauty, balance, order, serenity, harmony, & rational design reached a zenith of perfection •Cultural center shifted from Florence to Rome.
Art of the Renaissance (review) David R. Marshall Parergon, Volume 14, Number 2, January , pp.
(Review) about Renaissance art, and not just in Italy, in one volume. It sounds variation on the Early Renaissance, High Renaissance, and Mannerism categories now traditional in Anglophone countries.
It is doubtful that it. REVISED SLIDE LIST for Renaissance to Modern EXAM #2 (exam is Fri. March 10). ArtH , Spring Prof Dabbs *This slide list will be revised soon after we go through the material; please let me know of any discrepancies or broken links you find below – thanks! The exhibition at Palazzo Strozzi for the first time puts Bill Viola's video installations in direct comparison with the Renaissance art that inspired him.