With an increasingly global economy and more and more choices for consumers, companies must be willing to adapt their market orientation to stay competitive. Market orientation is a customer-centered approach to product design. A variety of research is often conducted to determine what consumers view as immediate needs, primary concerns or personal preferences. This allows a company to focus product development funds on the characteristics that are most in demand at the time in the hope of fulfilling consumer desires through their product choices.
It computes a histogram indicating the amount of structures in a given An analysis of oreintation. Images with completely isotropic content are expected to give a flat histogram, whereas images in which there is a preferred orientation are expected to give a histogram with a peak at that orientation.
Angles are reported in their common mathematical sense. The user interface allows to specify: The number of bins default: The starting angle default: The debug flag, if set, will cause angular filters and power spectrum to be displayed. The result table flag will generate a table containing all result value to be displayed.
This table can be exported as a CSV file thereafter; see below. The orientation map flag will cause the orientation map to be generated; see below. Statistics generated On top of the histogram, the plugin tries to generate statistics on the highest peak found. The highest peak is fitted by a Gaussian function, taking into account the periodic nature of the histogram.
The real histogram values are used for the summation, not the gaussian fit. The 'Goodness' column reports the goodness of the fit; 1 is good, 0 is bad.
A study made on artificial images reveal that the 'Amount' value as calculated here underestimates the real proportion of structures with the preferred orientation.
Results data export Save the Directionality Results window contents to a spreadsheet by copy pasting. If you want to save an image of the histogram, right-click on the plot, and choose save as.
If you want to export the histogram data, check the Data table box in the plugin dialog window. This will generate a results table, that can be exported as a csv file with a right click, or copy pasted directly into a spreadsheet etc.
How does it work? Different solutions have been thought about, and two of them are currently implemented: Fourier components analysis This method is based on Fourier spectrum analysis. This plugin chops the image into square pieces, and computes their Fourier power spectra.
The later are analyzed in polar coordinates, and the power is measured for each angle using the spatial filters proposed in . Local gradient orientation This method is local. The gradient of the image is calculated using a 5x5 Sobel filter, and is used to derive the local gradient orientation.
This orientation is then used to build the histogram, by putting the square of the gradient norm in the adequate bin. The square of the norm was retained, so as to have an histogram with the same dimension that for the Fourier analysis.
Orientation map Since version 2. This has a well an easily defined meaning in the case of the local gradient orientation method, but things are a bit more complicated in the case of the Fourier component, which is a global method.
In the later case, the image is filtered using the Fourier filters described above, and transformed back using inverse Fourier transform.
For each pixel, the direction retained is the one that has the strongest intensity when filtered in this orientation.
To generate the orientation map image, a HSB image is made by taking the local orientation as hue; the original image gray value as brightness; for saturation:Summary and reviews of Orientation by Daniel Orozco, plus links to a book excerpt from Orientation and author biography of Daniel Orozco.
The following short story is excerpted from Daniel Orozco s debut collection Orientation and Other Stories. Discourse analysis is sometimes defined as the analysis of language 'beyond the sentence'. This contrasts with types of analysis more typical of modern linguistics, which are chiefly concerned with the study of grammar: the study of smaller bits of language, such as sounds (phonetics and phonology), parts of words (morphology), meaning (semantics), and the order of words in sentences (syntax).
The orientation will also help you obtain the technical skills required for the course. You will also become familiar with the tools and process of analyzing a business situation. Case Method Analysis The development of molecular orientation and internal stresses in extruded sheet made of polypropylene was analyzed, and their correlations to operating conditions such as .
Content Analysis: An Examination of Web-based Orientation Materials Words | 6 Pages A Shift in the Platforms for Orientation Materials Orienting new employees is a long-established standard for many organizations; these processes are set in place to ensure that newcomers – or employees that are new to an organization – are provided.