Essay on Reservation for Women:
Women in the Gilded Age Library of Congress Artist Charles Dana Gibson's representation of American womanhood at the turn of the century was so captivating that it seemed every woman wanted to become a "Gibson Girl.
Times were definitely changing. The idea was to create a maternal commonwealth. Upper-middle-class women of the late 19th century were not content with the cult of domesticity of the early s. Many had become college educated and yearned to put their knowledge and skills to work for the public good.
Maternal commonwealth meant just that. The values of women's sphere — caretaking, piety, purity — would be taken out of the home and placed in the public life.
The result was a broad reform movement that transformed America. Just Say No to Alcohol Many educated women of the age felt that many of society's greatest disorders could be traced to alcohol. According to their view, alcohol led to increased domestic violence and neglect. It decreased the income families could spend on necessities and promoted prostitution and adultery.
In short, prohibition of alcohol might diminish some of these maladies. Frances Willard was the president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the nation's foremost prohibition organization. Although national prohibition was not enacted untilthe WCTU was successful at pressuring state and local governments to pass dry laws.
Willard advocated a "Do Everything" policy, which meant that Essays on women reservations of the WCTU also served as soup kitchens or medical clinics. The WCTU worked within the system, but there were radical temperance advocates who did not. Carry Nation preferred the direct approach of taking an ax into saloons and chopping the bars to pieces.
Homes for the Destitute Another way women promoted the values of women's sphere into the public arena was through the settlement house movement. A settlement house was a home where destitute immigrants could go when they had nowhere else to turn.
Settlement houses provided family-style cooking, lessons in English, and tips on how to adapt to American culture. The first settlement house began in in Chicago and was called Hull House. Its organizer, Jane Addams, intended Hull House to serve as a prototype for other settlement houses.
By there were nearly settlement houses in the nation's cities. Jane Addams was considered the founder of a new profession — social work.
Different Backgrounds, Different Lives Most of the advocates of maternal commonwealth were white, upper-middle-class women. Many of these women had received a college education and felt obliged to put it to use.
About half of the women in this demographic group never married, choosing instead independence. Other college educated women were content to join literary clubs to keep academic pursuits alive. Women and labor For women who did not attend college, life was much different.
Many single, middle-class women took jobs in the new cities.
Clerical jobs opened as typewriters became indispensable to the modern corporation. The telephone service required switchboard operators and the new department store required sales positions. Many of these women found themselves feeling marvelously independent, despite the lower wages they were paid in comparison with their male counterparts.
For others, life was less glamorous. Wives of immigrants often took extra tenants called boarders into their already crowded tenement homes.
By providing food and laundry service at a fee, they generated necessary extra income for the families. Many did domestic work for the middle class to supplement income. In the South, the lives of wealthy women changed from managing a home on a slave plantation to one with hired work.
Women who found themselves with new freedom from slavery still suffered great difficulties. Sharecropping was a male and female task. Women in these conditions found themselves doing double duty by working the fields by day and the house by night.
Many of the individual writers' pages contain biographies, and you'll also find an extensive page on poetry and documents relating to anti-slavery and women's rights. Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act This website is one of the National Park Service's "Teaching with Historic Places" lesson plans for teachers, but students can lead themselves through the rich materials presented here.
Learn about how the Homestead Act, which opened up land in the West for settlement, also opened up opportunities for women who were strong enough to defy traditional gender roles of the Victorian age.
You'll find a bio of Adeline Hornbek, images, maps, and brief essays on the Victorian age and on homesteading.Native American women from Chemawa train to work in shipyards.
August Oregon Journal collection, When the labor market opened up during World War II, more than 65, Native Americans worked for war industries or joined the armed forces. Fifty Orwell Essays, by George Orwell, free ebook.
“An International Labour Organisation study shows that “while women represent 50 percent of the world adult population and a third of the official labour force they perform nearly two-third of all working house, receive a tenth of world income and own less than one percent of world property.” Therefore, reservation for women is not a [ ].
The Women’s Reservation Bill has been a political raw nerve for nearly a decade now. It has always triggered heated debates in Parliament and outside. Jun 08, · The death of celebrity chef, restaurateur, author, and TV personality Anthony Bourdain was met with shock, sadness and reverence.
Twitter lit up with people sharing stories of . From Pre-Columbian to the New Millennium. The word history comes from the Greek word historía which means "to learn or know by inquiry." In the pieces that follow, we encourage you to probe, dispute, dig deeper — inquire.
History is not static.