Order now Ethics often play a big role in end of life care in terminally ill people, such as the case of Hassan Rasouli, a man who was left with brain damage following surgery.
The Nicomachean Ethics is very often abbreviated "NE", or "EN", and books and chapters are generally referred to by Roman and Arabic numerals, respectively, along with corresponding Bekker numbers. Background[ edit ] In many ways this work parallels Aristotle's Eudemian Ethicswhich has only eight books, and the two works can be fruitfully compared.
Opinions about the relationship between the two works—for example, which was written first, and which originally contained the three common books, are divided.
Many believe that these works were not put into their current form by Aristotle himself, but by an editor sometime later. If there are several virtues then the best and most complete or perfect of them will be the happiest one.
An excellent human will be a person good at living life, who does it well and beautifully kalos. Aristotle says that such a person would also be a serious spoudaios human being, in the same sense of "serious" that one contrasts serious harpists with other harpists.
He also asserts as part of this starting point that virtue for a human must involve reason in thought and speech logosas this is an aspect an ergon, literally meaning a task or work of human living. He describes a sequence of necessary steps to achieve this: First, righteous actions, often done under the influence of teachers, allow the development of the right habits.
These in turn can allow the development of a good stable character in which the habits are voluntary, and this in turn gives a chance of achieving eudaimonia.
Aristotle does not however equate character with habit ethos in Greek, with a short "e" because real character involves conscious choice, unlike habit. Instead of being habit, character is a hexis like health or knowledge, meaning it is a stable disposition that must be pursued and maintained with some effort.
However, good habits are described as a precondition for good character. As he proceeds, he describes how the highest types of praise, so the highest types of virtue, imply having all the virtues of character at once, and these in turn imply not just good character, but a kind of wisdom.
Being of "great soul" magnanimitythe virtue where someone would be truly deserving of the highest praise and have a correct attitude towards the honor this may involve.
This is the first case mentioned, and it is mentioned within the initial discussion of practical examples of virtues and vices at b Book IV. This style of building up a picture wherein it becomes clear that praiseworthy virtues in their highest form, even virtues like courage, seem to require intellectual virtue, is a theme of discussion Aristotle chooses to associate in the Nicomachean Ethics with Socrates, and indeed it is an approach we find portrayed in the Socratic dialogues of Plato.
But achieving this supreme condition is inseparable from achieving all the virtues of character, or "moral virtues". As Burger points out p.
As part of this, Aristotle considers common opinions along with the opinions of poets and philosophers.
Who should study ethics, and how[ edit ] Concerning accuracy and whether ethics can be treated in an objective way, Aristotle points out that the "things that are beautiful and just, about which politics investigates, involve great disagreement and inconsistency, so that they are thought to belong only to convention and not to nature ".
For this reason Aristotle claims it is important not to demand too much precision, like the demonstrations we would demand from a mathematician, but rather to treat the beautiful and the just as "things that are so for the most part.Disclaimer: These essays do not necessarily represent the beliefs of any or all of the staff of the Ontario Consultants on Religious attheheels.com fact, since we are a multi-faith group, it is quite likely that the beliefs expressed in these essays will differ from at least some of our staff's opinions.
Ethical Issues: The reader’s patience is requested in the fact that these Ethical Issues pages are in effect a kind of sub-Web, “piggy-backing” on the principal.
This little book by Alain Badiou is an intervention in the contemporary discourse on Ethics. Badiou targets "negative ethics", arguing that it is limited to forms of damage or violence minimization.
Ethics in end of life care Sarah Woodrum When dealing with the decisions of end of life care, as a nurse, one should consider many things. The major issue to contemplate is if prolonging the life of such patients is either more or less beneficial to the patient. Nurses and other medical personnel normally confront ethical dilemmas when caring for terminally ill patients.
Introduction. Correct understanding of the fundamental ethical principles aids the nurses to examine major dilemmas in the delivery of healthcare to the very sick patients or terminally ill patients.
Essay on End of Life Care - IToday in the 21st century the options for end of life care is innumerable; nursing homes, hospices, outpatient nurses, live-in aides, family .