All the colonies apart from Philadelphia were represented. The American colonist delegates presented many grievances against the British government. The four major grievances the colonists expressed against the colonial government according to Anderson et al were that Parliament was unfair in its taxation policies on the colonists. This was because the colonists were being taxed but not represented in Parliament.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. Though these petitions were offered, repeated attempts to organize the colonies met with jealous resistance.
The purposes of the Albany Congress were twofold; to try to secure the support and cooperation of the Iroquois in fighting the French, and to form a colonial alliance based on a design by Benjamin Franklin.
The plan of union was passed unanimously. But when the delegates returned to their colonies with the plan, not a single provincial legislature would ratify it. Franklin's plan resembled the Articles of Confederation, and would have provided for coordinated taxation and militia forces to defend the frontiers.
Unlike customs duties, which the colonists considered external taxes levied throughout the British Empire, the Stamp Act was an internal tax, to be levied within the colonies themselves.
Americans believed that only their own elected legislatures could impose internal taxes. By stepping beyond what Americans considered its legal limits, the British government's actions aroused fears that colonial liberties were in danger.
Most colonists believed that corrupt government officials might next attempt to deprive the people of their rights and property, and that the first step in such a conspiracy would be un-just taxation.
Frightened by the possibility that the Stamp Act was part of such a plan, angry colonists protested in a variety of ways. Colonial legislatures petitioned the king and Parliament, declaring their loyalty but insisting that the stamp duties violated Americans' right to be taxed only through their own legislatures.
Other forms of protest included boycotts of imported British goods; appeals to the public, through newspaper essays and pamphlets, to resist the Stamp Act; and eventually violence. The act was scheduled to take effect on November 1,and as that date approached the colonists held mock funerals for liberty, demanded the resignation of the officials appointed to collect the tax, and sometimes burned them in effigy.
Many stamp agents promptly resigned; some of those who showed reluctance were threatened and their property was attacked by mobs. The most violent protests occurred in Boston, where a crowd devastated the home of Lieutenant Governor Thomas Hutchinson in retaliation for his support of the act.
The Massachusetts legislature took the lead in organizing the Stamp Act Congress by inviting other colonial legislatures to send representatives to meet and formulate a common policy of opposition. The congress convened in New York City on October 7,with delegates from nine of the thirteen colonies attending; Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, and New Hampshire did not participate.
The delegates chose Timothy Ruggles of Massachusetts as president and spent over two weeks discussing colonial rights and taxation. They produced petitions to the king and Parliament in which they clearly laid out the colonial position on these issues. The petitions stated that the colonists could only be taxed by their own consent, given through their elected representatives in the colonial legislatures.
Since they were not represented in Parliament, and since their distance from London made such representation impractical, Parliament had no authority to tax the colonies.
The congress also eliminated the distinction between internal and external taxation and asserted the colonists' right to tax themselves in all circumstances. Protests from British merchants hurt by the American boycott and from the West Indies colonies, where the tax was also unpopular, together with the unrest in America, convinced Parliament to abolish the Stamp Act early in Colonial opposition had been so strong that officials had not been able to collect the tax in any of the thirteen colonies except Georgia.
Parliament, however, passed the Declaratory Act at the same time it repealed the Stamp Act. This repudiated the claims of the Stamp Act Congress by asserting that Parliament had the authority to pass laws binding on the colonies in all possible cases. The Stamp Act Congress had summarized the colonists' beliefs in their political rights while uniting them in opposition to British policy.
Parliament had replied with its own assertion of supremacy. Thus the lines of argument were drawn, and they would produce a decade of disputes and eventually a colonial revolt against the British government. They also agreed to meet again if Great Britain did not change its policies. There was a general impression after the close of the Continental Congress, that war was inevitable.The first continental congress took place in Philadelphia in September All the colonies apart from Philadelphia were represented.
The American colonist delegates presented many grievances against the British government. Oct 14, · The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen British North American colonies that met on September 5, , at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American attheheels.com: Resolved.
The First Continental Congress In response to the Intolerable Acts, delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies (Georgia chose not to attend) met at the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia in the autumn of to discuss a course of action. Feb 04, · Watch video · The First Continental Congress, which was comprised of delegates from the colonies, met in in reaction to the Coercive Acts, a series of measures imposed by the British government on the.
This collection of American Revolution essay questions has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors, for use by teachers and students. What decisions or resolutions were made by the first Continental Congress in ? How did they shape the course of the revolution? How successful were the Continental Congress and state.
First Continental Congress Essay example Words | 6 Pages. The First Continental Congress The American dream is built upon a foundation of struggles and gains, along with more struggles.