Cognitive style is determined by Answer: History of the company and its founders What triggers the fight or flight response? Large service firm The Delphi technique is best suited for Answer:
Perception A process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment. Making Judgments About OthersAttribution Theory When individuals observe behavior, they attempt to determine whether it is internally or externally caused.
Errors and Biases in Attributions Fundamental Attribution Error The tendency to underestimate the influence of external factors and overestimate the influence of internal factors when making judgments about the behavior of others.
Self-Serving Bias The tendency for individuals to attribute their own successes to internal factors while putting the blame for failures on external factors.
People selectively interpret what they see on the basis of their interests, background, experience, and attitudes. Drawing a general impression about an individual on the basis of a single characteristic.
Performance Expectations Self-fulfilling prophecy pygmalion effect: The lower or higher performance of employees reflects preconceived leader expectations about employee capabilities. Ethnic Profiling A form of stereotyping in which a group of individuals is singled out—typically on the basis of race or ethnicity—for intensive inquiry, scrutinizing, or investigation.
Employee Effort Assessment of individual effort is a subjective judgment subject to perceptual distortion and bias.
Engaging in incremental rather than unique problem solving through successive limited comparison of alternatives to the current alternative in effect. Common Biases and Errors Believing too much in our own decision competencies.
Anchoring Bias Fixating on early, first received information. Confirmation Bias Using only the facts that support our decision. Availability Bias Using information that is most readily at hand.
Representative Bias Assessing the likelihood of an occurrence by trying to match it with a preexisting category. Escalation of Commitment Increasing commitment to a previous decision in spite of negative information.
Randomness Error Trying to create meaning out of random events by falling prey to a false sense of control or superstitions. Hindsight Bias Falsely believing to have accurately predicted the outcome of an event, after that outcome is actually known.
Organizational Constraints on Decision Makers Performance Evaluation Evaluation criteria influence the choice of actions.
Reward Systems Decision makers make action choices that are favored by the organization. Formal Regulations Organizational rules and policies limit the alternative choices of decision makers.
System-imposed Time Constraints Organizations require decisions by specific deadlines. Historical Precedents Past decisions influence current decisions. Ways to Improve Decision Making Analyze the situation and adjust your decision making style to fit the situation.
Be aware of biases and try to limit their impact. Combine rational analysis with intuition to increase decision-making effectiveness.
Enhance personal creativity by looking for novel solutions or seeing problems in new ways, and using analogies.Perception and Individual Decision Making. Perception •Perception is a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.
•However, what we perceive can be substantially different from objective reality. Psychology, the study of the mind and behavior, has a long past but a short history. Learn about its origins and review different historical approaches to the study of thought and behavior, from Piaget's theory of development to Freud's views on .
Here you can find Organisational Behaviour True or False questions with answers. Here you can find Organisational Behaviour True or False questions with answers. These questions will be used as revisions for exams for MBA, attheheels.com and BBA decision making of human in the organisation.
a) True b) False. Answer: a) True.
12) Behavioural. Jan 29, · Organizational Behaviour: Perception and Individual Decision Making: Introduction: What is Perception- () Factor Influencing Perception- () -Individual v/s Group Decision Making -Team Working and Decision making -Decision making in Global Environment -Control process and Decision Making Factor Affecting Perception- ( To ease the burden of making a buying decision, consumers seek inputs from their reference groups — family, friends, colleagues, reviews on online forums, and several other means.
Organizational Behavior mcqs Subject: Business / General Business Question 1: Defined by Allport () as a “mental state of readiness, organized through experience, exerting a directing or dynamic influence on the individual’s response to situations,” this is known as a(n) A: CognitionB: BehaviorC: DissonanceD: AttitudeE: Perception 2: The Tri-Component model suggests that human.