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Biographical and General Introduction a. InLacan commenced clinical training and began to work at psychiatric institutions, meeting and working with amongst others the famous psychiatrist Gaetan Gatian de Clerambault.
His doctoral thesis, on paranoid psychosis, was passed in Inhe became a member of La Societe Psychoanalytique de Paris SPPand commenced an analysis lasting until the outbreak of the war. During the Nazi occupation of France, Lacan ceased all official professional activity in protest against those he called "the enemies of human kind.
Lacan's career as both a theoretician and practicioner did not end with this excommunication, however. Inhe founded L'Ecole Freudienne de Paris EFPa school devoted to the training of analysts and the practicing of psychoanalysis according to Lacanian stipulations.
Its publication was followed by an extended period wherein he published little. Inthough, it was re-presented to wider recognition.
Inon the back of the success of his Rome dissertation to the SPP on "The Function and Field of Speech Restating your thesis Psychoanalysis," Lacan then inaugurated the seminar series that he was to continue to convene annually albeit in different institutional guises until his death.
It was in this forum that he developed and ceaselessly revised the ideas with which his name has become associated.
Although Lacan was famously ambivalent about publication, the seminars were transcribed by various of his followers, and several have been translated into English. Lacan published a selection of his most important essays in in the collection Ecrits. An abridged version of this text is available in an English-language edition see References and Further Reading.
Theoretical Project Lacan's avowed theoretical intention, from at leastwas the attempt to reformalize what he termed "the Freudian field.
Lacan brought to this project, however, a keen knowledge of the latest developments in the human sciences, drawing especially on structuralist linguistics, the structural anthropology of Claude Levi-Strauss, topology, and game theory.
Moreover, as Jacques Derrida has remarked, Lacan's work is characterized by an engagement with modern philosophy notably DescartesKantHegelHeidegger and Sartre unmatched by other psychoanalytic theorists, especially informed by his attendance at Andre Kojeve's hugely influential Paris lectures on Hegel from Lacan's Philosophical Anthropology a.
The Mirror Stage Lacan's article "The Mirror Stage as Formative of the I"lays out the parameters of a doctrine that he never foreswore, and which has subsequently become something of a post-structuralist mantra: At this age, Lacan notes, children become capable of recognizing their mirror image.
This is not a dispassionate experience, either. It is a recognition that brings the child great pleasure. For Lacan, we can only explain this "jubilation" as a testimony to how, in the recognition of its mirror-image, the child is having its first anticipation of itself as a unified and separate individual.
Before this time, Lacan contends drawing on contemporary psychoanalytic observationthe child is little more than a "body in bits and pieces," unable to clearly separate I and Other, and wholly dependant for its survival for a length of time unique in the animal kingdom upon its first nurturers.
The implications of this observation on the mirror stage, in Lacan's reckoning, are far-reaching. They turn around the fact that, if it holds, then the genesis of individuals' sense of individuation can in no way be held to issue from the "organic" or "natural" development of any inner wealth supposed to be innate within them.
The I is an Other from the ground up, for Lacan echoing and developing a conception of the ego already mapped out in Freud's Ego and Id. The truth of this dictum, as Lacan comments in "Aggressivity and Psychoanalysis," is evident in infantile transitivity: It is more simply registered in the fact that it remains a permanent possibility of adult human experience for us to speak and think of ourselves in the second or third person.
What is decisive in these phenomena, according to Lacan, is that the ego is at base an object:Educating Hearts and Minds for Latter-day Families. American Heritage School is a premier faith-based K Utah private school.
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