View Full Essay Words: Though in many ways, this is something which is subject to change based on such fluctuations in the economy as the pessues on the value of the Ameican dolla today as compaed to the elative success of the Euo which undescoes the unionized Geman economy, the eseach and findings poduced by the suvey questionnaie consideed hee indicate a cultue which is moe pedominant in the United States. The concen of this cultue is with the vaiation of the maketplace though the entance of a multi-statified class of contendes. This is an outcome which suggests that patterns in Germany may well be subject to change in the future, despite the resolutions yielded here.
In essence, this period saw the formation of a German state under the influence of Prussia, guided by its chief minister, Otto von Bismarck. Prussia had put itself in a good position to lead Germany.
The German Zollverein, or Customs Union, that broke down physical and financial barriers had been formed in Byunder Prussian leadership, it included most of central and northern Germany.
Its rival, Austria, was kept out on the grounds that the bulk of its empire was non-German and outside the traditional borders of The Holy Roman Empire and its successor, the German Confederation.
In addition, Prussia had gained millions of new German subjects by the Congress of Vienna in return for giving up some of its Polish subjects; it received much of Saxony, much of the Rhineland and Westphalia, and dominated northern and western Germany.
It had the effect of turning Prussia into a German state. In Bismarck, appointed init had a practitioner of power politics who could gauge the attitude of his opponents and take advantage of opportunities.
Bismarck secured the acquiescence of Russia by providing assistance to Russia when it put down Polish disturbances in Moreover, he promised Russia that he would aid them in future Polish-related problems, thereby gaining a secure eastern front and the avoidance of a two-front conflict.
Bismarck had as his goal the expansion of Prussia.
If this resulted in the unification of Germany, it would be a positive by-product. The two obstacles were Austria and France. France had benefited from the disunity of Germany for over three centuries. The provinces that were either German in composition, as in the case of the Holstein, or partly German, as in the case of Schleswig, were united to Denmark by family inheritance through the house of Oldenburg, With the impending end of the direct male line of the crown of Denmark, the German Confederation claimed the two duchies.
Denmark promised to respect the political independence of the two duchies. This agreement was violated in Novemberwhen the new king, Christian IX, accepted a constitution that included the incorporation of the northern mixed population duchy of Schleswig into Denmark proper.
When Denmark refused to cancel this act, Austria and Prussia as representatives of the Confederation, declared war. The Austrians, geographically separated from Schleswig-Holstein, would have been content to allow the duchies to remain tied to the crown of Denmark by a personal union.
Bismarck, however, was determined to add the duchies by one means or another. Denmark, certain that the powers would aid her, refused.
The Jutland Peninsula was occupied between January and April After an attempt at media-tion by the Great Powers between April and June failed, hostilities were renewed. Therefore, hostilities were renewed, and by fall much of the Jutland Peninsula had been occupied and the major Danish island of Funen had been threatened.
Austria had nothing to gain by keeping Holstein separated from Austria by central and northern Germany, while Prussia could annex Schleswig-Holstein to connect Prussian Brandenburg with its Rhenish possession. When Austria proposed that the provinces be returned to the legitimate heir of the senior cadet line of the house of Denmark, Bismarck said this was a violation of the Treaty of Gastein and sent troops into Holstein.
Austria, supported by the majority of members of the German Confederation, declared war on June 1, The Austrians at the time were distracted by a domestic crisis with the Hungarians and started the war at a disadvantage. Bismarck had concluded a treaty with Italy on April 8,in which Italy agreed to participate on the side of Prussia should war occur within three months.
In return, Italy was to receive Austria-administered Venetia. Once again, Bismarck secured the neutrality of France through vague promises of compensation after the wary Napoleon III indicated that he would like to annex Rhenish Hesse, the fortress of Mainz, Luxembourg, the Saar, and parts of Belgium.
Bismarck rejected those demands and saved them for future reference in case of need of French assistance or neutrality.The German's shared a common identity in the form of language race and heritage such as music, literature and poetry.
The growing improvements in communications and transport also brought the states one step closer together. Dec 01, · Germany Essays (Examples) Benedict, B. () A History of the Great War. Bureau of National Literature Inc.
Sperber, J. () Europe Progress, Participation and Apprehension. Longman, 1st edition. and became united with Bavaria and the West German states to form the German Empire. Otto Von . Factors Contributing to German Unification in Essay - Prior to unification in the territory that would become Germany was comprised of thirty-nine independent states and city states joined together in a loose German Confederation.
After the Civil War, German immigrants moved to the west of the United States and were construction workers, miners, farmers, artists, craft workers, and brought in trade to the United States (Steckler, ).
Today, many German Americans have higher education, are very skilled, and work in manufacturing, construction, and service industries . German literature - The 19th century: The early years of German Romanticism have been aptly termed the theoretical phase of a movement whose origin can be traced back to the Sturm und Drang era and, beyond Germany itself, to the French philosopher and writer Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
An interest in individual liberty and in nature as a source of poetic inspiration is a common thread in the. German "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome" Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature" novel, short story, essay.